Asthma is a common long-term condition that can cause coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and breathlessness.

It is caused by inflammation of the small tubes, which carry air in and out of the lungs. Asthma can develop at any age, including in young children and older people.


The symptoms of asthma can range from mild to severe and it is usually intermittent and not always.

The main symptoms are wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), shortness of breath, feeling tight a tight chest with occasional cough.

Severe symptoms could include worsening shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, breathing much faster, feeling drowsy and collapsing.

Self-help tips

Avoid smoking, it could exacerbate and make it worse.

Avoid the cold if possible and try to keep warm at all time.

Avoid any noted allergens like dust, pollen especially if you are allergic to it.

Having your inhaler with you always is key as it could help you when needed.


After the diagnosis is made, inhalers would help relieve your symptoms. Some might need more than one type of inhalers, but it depends on the severity of their symptoms.

Severe presentations might need a hospital admission and most likely need to go to the emergency department.

When do you get in touch with Sandsclinic?

If you have any breathing issues or have been diagnosed with asthma. We could ensure you are the right medications and refer to a respiratory specialist if your symptoms are not getting any better.